It should not be a difficult task to paint cabinets but with no knowledge whatsoever, you may end up with the ugliest cabinets in your neighborhood. Painting your cabinets is a fairly straightforward process but there may be a few factors you have to consider to do a perfect job.
If you are uncertain, however, simply contact a professional painter to do this for you.
You may even land the benefit of learning from your painter what to do and the next time you want to upgrade your cabinets with a fresh coat of paint, you will not be a complete novice.
If you feel sufficiently confident in your ability then feel free to give it a try. Below are the most important factors you must take into account to get the job done well.
What to Know Before Painting Cabinets
Material of the Cabinets
If your cabinets are made of metal or wood, you are in luck, and painting them will be much easier. Both surfaces take well to paint.
Plastic cabinets may be harder to paint since plastics are nonporous meaning they will not absorb paint pigment. Metal should be the same but metals respond very well to paints formulated specifically for metallic surfaces.
Plastic surfaces look better when the color is part of the raw plastic they are molded from as opposed to being painted after. Plastic cabinets will likely peel so those are better off replaced and not repainted.
If you are working with wood as well, different species possess varying characteristics that will inform the choice of color, type of paint, and the procedure to follow for a perfect result.
Oakwood, for instance, has many knots, and painting it is challenging if you intend to change it from its natural red, brown, or beige to a color such as white or blue.
For a smooth even appearance, you must use two coats of primer and possibly wood filler if the knots are particularly conspicuous. Painting on walnut should be easier but you must take into consideration that the rich brown of walnut is not easily obscured so paint with great coverage is most ideal and a double coat is better than a single coat.
One of the easiest materials to paint is maple for its softness and easy grain. It absorbs paint remarkably well and should be a joy to paint especially for a novice.
Type of Paint
Of the two major categories of paint, you will need interior paint for your cabinets. From these, you have water-based paints, oil-based paints, or acrylics. Oil-based paint is the best option for wood and lasts longer compared to the other two. Oil-based paints will also provide a sealing quality to your wood cabinets which stave off water damage.
Cabinets often need to be wiped down and the finish you choose will go a long way in protecting the cabinet beneath. Gloss or semi-gloss finishes are ideal for your cabinets and the sheen should give your cabinets a lasting fresh look.
Both these finishes do not allow contaminants to adhere to the surface neither can wetness permeate the surface.
Hinges, Joints, and Handles
To get the best result from your paint job you need to dismantle the cabinets and paint each individual component separately making sure you cover every inch of the wood with paint before reassembly. This may be easier for some parts than others.
Though this may seem taxing, painting the cabinets while they are in place could produce less than stellar results especially where the pieces join and around the handles.
It will also be easier to paint the interior of your cabinets without being hindered by the doors and appendages such as the handles. If the handles and hinges also need to be painted, they cannot be worked while attached and you will have to detach them first.
Condition of the Cabinets
If the reason for painting your cabinets is to renew the look of your cabinets then you must consider the condition of the cabinets prior to embarking on this task.
If the cabinets are in a dilapidated condition or have sustained significant damage, painting them will not make as much impact as you would like.
Minimal fire damage can be covered up with the right paint job but water damage may be impossible to cure with a paint job. Water warps, expands, and splits wood ruining its shape and structure.
Sanding down wood that has sustained water damage does not guarantee it will not continue to bend and crack which could ruin the newly painted surface anyway.
On the other hand, old cabinets with minimal or no structural damage will be a stunning sight once finished. While certain details of your paint job may vary, the general procedure to follow when painting wood cabinets is:
- Dismantle the cabinets and lay them out piece by piece.
- Sand down each surface to get rid of the top layer. Even if the wood is plain, sand it down to get an even surface that will better absorb paint.
- Sand down knots, scrapes and scratches especially well.
- Apply primer evenly on all accessible surfaces. The primer must dry completely before you apply another coat if you want to use two coats.
- If the knots and damaged areas are particularly bad, you should use wood filler after the first coat of primer and cover the filler with the second coat of primer.
- Let each coat of primer dry completely and ensure the wood filler has cured according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Once the primer dries, apply the first coat of paint and let it dry before applying the second coat.
- A top-quality paint with the right gloss or semi-gloss finish does not need a sealant especially if the primer sets properly.
Painting cabinets is neither hard nor easy. What you want to achieve is an even, beautiful end product and this will require careful planning, meticulous attention to detail, some research regarding the best materials to use, conscious regard for the procedure, and a can-do attitude. Good luck!